PORTUGUESE EMPIRE (compiled by Madeleine Dempster)



Bayón, Damián, and Murillo Marx. History of South American Colonial Art and Architecture. New York: Rizzoli, 1992.

Kubler, George, and Martín Soría. Art and Architecture in Spain and Portugal and Their American Dominions, 1500-1800. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1959.

Levenson, Jay A. The Age of the Baroque in Portugal. Washington: National Gallery of Art, New Haven: Yale University Press. 1993.

Mattoso, José, and Filipe Themudo Barata, and José Manuel Fernandes, Walter Rossa and Renata Araujo. Portuguese Heritage Around the World: Architecture and Urbanism. 4 Vols. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2010.

Pereira, José. Baroque India. The Neo-Roman Religious Architecture of South Asia. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts: Aryan Books International, 2000.

Teixeira, Manuel C. “Portuguese Traditional Settlements, A Result of Cultural Miscegenation”. Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review 1, no. 2 (1990): 23-34. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23566249



Ball, Jeremy. “Staging of Memory: Monuments, Commemoration, and the Demarcation of Portuguese Space in Colonial Angola.” Journal of Southern African Studies 44, no. 1 (2018): 77–96. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03057070.2018.1403265.

Dias, Pedro. História da arte portuguesa no mundo (1415-1822). Navarra: Círculo de Leitores, 1997.

Elleh, Nnamdi. African architecture: evolution and transformation. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Hespanha, António Manuel, ed. Ilha de todos: Ilha de Moçambique (Oceanos 25, January-March 1996).

Lagamma, Alisa. Kongo: Power and Majesty. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2016.

Verheij, Gerbert. “Art and politics in the former “Portuguese colonial empire”: the monument to Mouzinho de Albuquerque in Lourenço Marques.” RIHA Journal: Journal of the International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Art. (2013). https://www.riha-journal.org/articles/2013/2013-jan-mar/verheij-mouzinho-monument-marques



Arantes Campos, Adalgisa, et al. Ouro Preto: Guia. Ouro Preto, 2000.

Bazin, Germain. L’architecture religieuse baroque au Brésil. II vols. Paris, 1956.

Bury, John. Arquitetura e arte no Brasil colonial (Myriam Andrade Ribeiro de Oliveira, ed.). Brasilia, 2006.

Bury, J. B. “The “Borrominesque” Churches of Colonial Brazil”. The Art Bulletin 37, no. 1 (1955): 27-53. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3047591

Castedo, Leopoldo. The Baroque Prevalence in Brazilian Art. New York, 1964.

Ribeiro de Oliveira, Myriam Andrade. Ajeijadinho, o teatro da fé. São Paulo, 2007.

Ribeiro de Oliveira, Myriam Andrade. O Aleijadinho e o Santuário de Congonhas. Brasilia, 2006.

Ribeiro de Oliveira, Myriam Andrade. Barroco e rococó nas igrejas do Rio de Janeiro. III vols. Brasilia, 2008.

Ribeiro de Oliveira, Myriam Andrade. Os passos de Congonhas e suas restaurações. Brasilia, 2011.

Ribeiro de Oliveira, Myriam Andrade. O rococó religioso no Brasil e seus antecedentes europeus. São Paulo: Cosac & Naify, 2003.

Teixeira Leite, José Roberto. A China no Brasil. São Paulo, 1999.

Teixeira, José de Monterroso. Aleijadinho, o teatro da fé. São Paulo, 2007.

Tirapeli, Percival. Igrejas Barrocas do Brasil. Sao Paulo, 2008.

Tirapeli, Percival, and Wolfgang Pfeiffer. As mais belas igrejas do Brasil. São Paulo, 2001.



Allain, Y.M., C. B. Chiu, and J. Christiany, eds. Protection et mise en valeur du site du Yuanming Yuan. Paris: China Forestry Publishing House, 2001.

Bailey, Gauvin Alexander, ‘Rococo in Eighteenth-Century Beijing: Ornament Prints and the Design of the European Palaces of the Yuanming Yuan,’ The Burlington Magazine CLIX, 1375 (October 2017): 778-88.

Corsi, Elisabetta. “Pozzo’s Treatise as a Workshop for the Construction of a Sacred Catholic Space in Beijing.” In Artifizi della matafora: diciotto saggi su Andrea Pozzo, edited by Richard Bösel and Lydia Salviucci Insolera, 233–243. Rome: Artemide, 2012.

Durand, Antoine. “Restitution des palais européens du Yuanmingyuan.” Arts Asiatiques 43 (1988): 123–133.

Fu, Dongguang. “Western Missionary Painters and Imperial Architectural Paintings of the Qing Dynasty.” In The Golden Exile: Pictorial Expressions of the School of Western Missionaries’ Artworks of the Qing Dynasty Court, edited by H. S. Chan, 261–264. Macau:

Museu de Arte de Macau, 2002.

Johnston, Tess, and Deke Erh. God & Country: Western Religious Architecture in Old China. Hong Kong: Old China Hand Press, 1996.Lawrence, Ellen, and Karen Turner, eds. The Delights of Harmony: The European Palaces

of the Yuanmingyuan & the Jesuits at the 18th Century Court of Beijing.Worcester, MA: University of the Holy Cross Press, 1994.

Liu, C. Y. “Architects and Builders of the Qing Dynasty Yuanming Yuan Imperial Garden Palace.” University of Hong Kong Museum Journal 1 (2002): 38–59, 151–161.

Thiriez, Régine. Barbarian Lens: Western Photographers of the Qianlong Emperor’s European Palaces. London: Gordon and Breach, 1998.

Thomas, G. M. “Yuanming Yuan/Versailles: Intercultural Interactions between Chinese and European Palace Cultures.” Art History 32, no. 1 (February 2009): 115–143.

Zou, Hui. “Appendix: Books on Architecture and Gardens in the Jesuit Libraries in Beijing.” Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes 22, no. 4 (2002): 317–320.

Zou, Hui. A Jesuit Garden in Beijing and Early Modern Chinese Culture. West Lafayette IN: Purdue University Press, 2011.

Droguet, V. “Les Palais européens de l’empereur Qianlong et leurs sources italiennes.” Histoire de l’art 25/26 (1994): 15-28.

Pirazzoli-t’Serstevens, M. Giuseppe Castiglione 1688–1766: peintre et architecte à la cour de Chine. Paris 2007, pp.136–37.



Cremer, R.D., ed. Macau: City of Commerce and Culture. Hong Kong: API Press Ltd., 1991.

Guillén Nuñez, César. Macao’s Church of Saint Paul: A Glimmer of the Baroque in China.Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong Press, 2009.

Porter, Jonathan. "“The Past Is Present”: The Construction of Macau's Historical Legacy." History and Memory 21, no. 1 (2009): 63-100. doi:10.2979/his.2009.21.1.63.


Gulf of Oman

Dinteman, Walter. Forts of Oman. Dubai: Emirates Printing Press, 1993.


Siam (Thailand)

Van der Cruysse, Dirk. Siam & the West 1500-1700. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Press, 1991.



Biedermann, Zoltán. “Colombo Versus Cannanore: Contrasting Structures of Two Colonial Port Cities (1500-1700).” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 52, no. 3 (2009): 413–459.

Gomes, Paulo Varela. Whitewash, Red Stone: A History of Church Architecture in Goa. New Delhi: Yoda Press. 2011.

--. “As Igrejas dos Católicos de Goa”. Ler História 58 (2010): 47-60. DOI 10.4000/lerhistoria.1146

Kowal, David. “Innovation and Assimilation: The Jesuit Contribution to Architectural Development in Portuguese India.” In The Jesuits: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, edited by John O’Malley et al., 480-504. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Pereira, José. Baroque Goa. The Architecture of Portuguese India. New Delhi: Books & Books, 1995.

--. Churches of Goa. New Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Santos, Joaquim Rodrigues. “‘Reinstalling the Old City of Goa as an Eternal Light of Portuguese Spirituality’: The Plan for the Reintegration of Old Goa at the End of the Colonial Period.” Architectural Histories 4, no. 1 (2016): 1-21. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/ah.58

Shokoohy, Mehrdad, and Natalie H Shokoohy. “The Island of Diu, Its Architecture and Historic Remains.” South Asian Studies 26, no. 2 (September 23, 2010): 161–191. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02666030.2010.514743.

Zupanov, Ines G. “The Pulpit Trap: Possession and Personhood in colonial Goa.” Res: Anthropology and Aesthetics 65-66 (2014/2015): 298-315. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24871258



Bailey, Gauvin Alexander. Art on the Jesuit Missions in Asia and Latin America, 1542-1773. Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Boxer, C.R. The Christian Century in Japan 1549-1650. Lisbon: Gulbenkian Foundation, 1993.

Hickman, Money L. Japan’s Golden Age: Momoyama. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.