egun 1909, never finished. The only western-style building in the Forbidden City, the "Hall of water” or "Crystal Palace" was to have been in an ornamental pool. White marble with cast iron. China was never a European colony but an enthusiasm for western styles dates back to the presence of the Portuguese Jesuits at court in the 18th century. This building combines French beaux-arts style (as in Hanoi or Saigon) with Chinese forms. UNESCO World Heritage Site, inscribed 1987.