Colonial Architecture Project

Photos of European colonial architecture around the world

by Gauvin Alexander Bailey, Bader Chair in Southern Baroque Art, Queen's University at Kingston, Canada

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Beijing, Qianlong Garden, Forbidden City

P1280063.JPG Beijing, Qianlong Garden, Forbidden CityThumbnailsBeijing, Qianlong Garden, Forbidden City

Qianlong Emperor's Garden of Peace and Tranquility (1779) with over 20 pavilions, including Juanqinzhai, which included illusionistic interior decoration by Italian Jesuit Giuseppe Castiglione (1688-1766). Restored 2008 by World Monuments Fund, scheduled to open 2020. UNESCO World Heritage Site, inscribed 1987.

Gauvin Alexander Bailey
© 2021. All rights reserved. Most of the images are by Gauvin Alexander Bailey and may be used for educational/personal study purposes but not for any other reason without prior written permission. Those interested in HD versions (if available) should contact me directly. Images by other authors may not be reproduced in any manner without written permission. A few are governed by the Creative Commons license (USA section only) and are indicated by "CC".